Top 10 Popular Programming Languages – Learn To Build A Fruitful Career!

Some two decades before, the world of computer programming was a highly mysterious and special place. Only a few people used to be computer programmers with cutting-edge coding skills. But the scenario is changed now. Today, many IT jobs need a solid grasp of the top programming languages, and yes, we mean more than one. 

With the fast development of Automation, Artificial Intelligence, and less manual intervention, the world is becoming smarter daily. This is the outcome of continuous and tremendous efforts, technological advances, and their intervention in day-to-day activities. This is why increased programming languages’ familiarity also rises drastically.

Here we present the top 10 programming languages that have overpowered the technological world and driven people crazy to become a programming wizard.

What is a Programming Language? 

A programming language is a structure for programmers (developers) to communicate with computers. Programming languages consist of rules that allow string values to be changed into varied ways of generating machine code. 

A program is a set of instructions written in a particular language (C, C++, Java, Python) to achieve a specific task.

Everyone is trying to get into the application development job. This is because it offers some of the highest-payingṣ professions paths, like web development, artificial intelligence, data science, and others.

To start a career path as a programmer and create your first application, you must first learn a programming language. 

Below is a list of the top 10 popular programming languages which will have huge demand in 2022.

  1. Java

Java is enjoying the most preferred position in the “Programming Languages” list. Recently Java entered its 23rd year after completing 22 years since its advent in 1995 by James Gosling. 

The long successful journey has been made possible by its strong features of platform independence, scalability, security, etc. Java derives its object orientation features, Variables, Data types of C/C++, and the syntax influenced by C++.

Java is recognized primarily for its platform-independence feature, which propels it to run on various types of computers. Macintosh, Windows, Unix, Linux, or even Mainframe/mobile phones, as long as it has JVM installed.

Java is the learning language worth learning and is the most preferred language to be learned by many programmers or developers.

Here are a few to-do lists of things you could do after learning this excellent language

Building server-based applications, 

web applications,

Android apps, 

Scientific applications, 

connecting to a Database, 

Internet of Things, Cloud development, etc.,

2. Python

Python is an analyzed high-level programming language for general programming purposes released in 1991. Python is designed to give prominence to code readability and using whitespaces significantly. These are its notable features:

Dynamic type, 

automatic memory management, 

sustaining multiple programming paradigms (Functional, PO, procedural), 

a large comprehensive library of its own, etc., 

Large organizations are using python these days, which include Wikipedia, Google, Yahoo, etc. 

3. Swift

Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming developed by Apple Inc. for iOS and macOS and functioning with Cocoa frameworks. It utilizes the Objective C runtime library that allows C and C++ to work within one program. 

Swift presents the core concepts like 

  • late binding, 
  • dynamic dispatch, 
  • extensible programming, and 
  • address errors:- null pointer de-referencing, extensibility, supporting the protocol, struts, classes, etc. 

The features that make it an efficient choice for developing mobile projects are 


less code, 


safer platform, 

less legacy, 


supporting dynamic libraries,

interactive coding, 

open-source, etc., 

4. Kotlin

Kotlin is a statistically typed programming language that runs on JVM. It can also be compiled to JS Source and is fully supported by Google for the Android OS. One of the significant goals of Kotlin is to assemble as quickly as Java. The main feature of the recent release of Kotlin was sharing code between JVM and JavaScript platforms was 

Kotlin was officially declared an Android development language by Google. It is the third language fully supported for Android, Java, and C++. It is prepared to be an OO language fully interoperable with Java code. Here are some of the features that speed up the development process.

  • Null pointer safety, 
  • infix notation, 
  • extension functions,
  • full Java compatibility, and 
  • Good IDE support 

5. R

This is a statistical and graphical programming language, widely used among statisticians and data miners for data analysis. It has profound importance in data analysis, financial, and telecom sectors.

Applications developed in R are used for processing statistics, including calculation, testing, linear and nonlinear modeling, visualization, and analysis. Applications coded using R can interface with several databases and process structured and unstructured data.

It has extended libraries for interactive graphics.

Object-oriented programming language.

Supports cross-platform operation.

Highly extensible.

Flipkart, Amazon, Google, and LinkedIn are top companies using R as their programming language. There is a huge lack of people with expertise in R. This is why learning this advanced language can be a bright career choice for you.

6. C++

C++ was made by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 as a general-purpose programming language. It has significant, object-oriented, and generic programming features. Its design highlights include system programming, convenience of use, embedded resource-constrained, and functional efficiency with enlarged systems.

C++ is a compiled language with its implementation open on many platforms. The other versions of programming languages have also been influenced by C++. It was renamed C++ by adding functions like virtual functions, operator-overloading, references, constants, type-safe, memory-allocation, improved type-checking, and a stand-alone compiler.

7. JavaScript

JavaScript is a dynamic, Prototype-based, weakly typed, high-level, analyzed programming language. It allows the creation of engaging web pages.

Initially, only client-side web browsers were implemented. Still, it is now embedded in various host software, including server-side web servers and runtime environments that make them function on mobile and desktop applications.

  • Its organized codebase offers upgraded productivity and readability.  
  • Simple to learn and is good in demand.
  • Independence with the platform and greater control of the browser.  
  • Provide user input validation features.
  • The top JavaScript companies are Microsoft, Uber, PayPal, Google, Walmart, etc.

8. PHP

PHP is a general-purpose scripting language that continues to hold its prominence for many years and in upcoming years. It is one of the first server-side languages that can be embedded with HTML for adding functionality to web pages. Rising online trends make the PHP developer’s demand high. Some of the astonishing features are:

Simple and easy to learn.

Faster than other scripting languages

Highly secure to prevent threats and attacks.

Amazing websites like Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia run on PHP.

9. TypeScript

TypeScript is a fresher list of top 10 programming language lists, but it’s making strong headway. Developed in 2012 by Microsoft, it is a typed version of JavaScript well suited for considerable code bases. TypeScript is used to create JavaScript-based projects by typing in both client-side and server-side development. This makes it useful for catching errors and preventing systemic issues. The typeScript was named “most adopted tech” in the 2021 State of JavaScript Survey.

10. Go

Developed by Google in 2007 for APIs and web applications, Go has become one of the fastest-growing programming languages. Its simple functionality and ability to manage multicore and networked systems have helped it grab its position in this list with massive codebases.

Also known as Golang, Go was created to meet the demand of programmers working on large projects. It has attained popularity among many prominent IT companies. It has a modern structure and syntax familiarity. Many companies use Go as their programming language, such as Google, Uber, Twitch, and Dropbox. Go is also grabbing popularity among data scientists because of its agility and performance.

If you want to get ahead in your career and make a thriving path of success select any of the languages and start learning without any delay. It is really not uncommon for a professional programmer to be fluent in more than two languages. So, push yourself hard and succeed in your ambition.