Cervical Cancer is Killing A Huge Count of Women Worldwide – Why?

Cervical cancer in women is a serious health problem worldwide. It arises from the cervix, the lower part of the uterus, and is primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Get a detailed overview of cervical cancer, including its causes, risk factors, symptoms, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment options here.

Causes and Risk Factors Associated with Cervical Cancer:

a. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Persistent infection with high-risk strains of HPV is the primary cause of cervical cancer. HPV is a common sexually transmitted infection, and certain strains can lead to the development of cancerous cells in the cervix.

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b. Weakened Immune System: A weakened immune system, often due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS or immunosuppressive medications, increases the risk of cervical cancer.

c. Smoking: Tobacco smoke contains harmful chemicals that can damage cervical cells, making them more susceptible to HPV infection and cancer development.

d. Early Sexual Activity: Women who engage in sexual activity at an early age have an increased risk of exposure to HPV.

e. Multiple Sexual Partners: Having multiple sexual partners can elevate the risk of contracting HPV and, subsequently, developing cervical cancer.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer in Women to Consider:

Cervical cancer may not cause noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, as the disease progresses, women may experience:

a. Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as between periods, after sex, or after menopause.

b. Unusual vaginal discharge that may be foul-smelling.

c. Pelvic pain or pain during sexual intercourse.

d. Changes in bladder or bowel habits.

e. Fatigue, weight loss, and loss of appetite in advanced stages.


a. HPV Vaccination: Getting vaccinated against HPV is a crucial preventive measure. The vaccine is most effective when administered before the onset of sexual activity.

b. Regular Pap Smears: Regular cervical screening through Pap smears (Pap tests) can detect abnormal changes in cervical cells before they become cancerous. Early detection allows for timely intervention.

c. Safe Sexual Practices: Practicing safe sex, including the consistent use of condoms, can reduce the risk of HPV transmission.

d. Smoking Cessation: Quitting smoking can decrease the risk of cervical cancer and improve overall health.

Diagnosis for Cervical Cancer:

a. Pap Smear: A Pap smear involves collecting cells from the cervix to detect any abnormalities.

b. HPV Test: This test identifies high-risk HPV strains in cervical cells.

c. Colposcopy: If abnormalities are found, a colposcopy may be performed, allowing a closer examination of the cervix using a special magnifying instrument.

d. Biopsy: If necessary, a biopsy may be conducted to confirm the presence of cancerous cells.

Treatment of Cervical Cancer in Women

Treatment options for cervical cancer depend on the stage of the disease and may include:

a. Surgery: Removal of the cancerous tissue, ranging from a simple hysterectomy to more extensive procedures.

b. Radiation Therapy: Targeted radiation to destroy cancer cells.

c. Chemotherapy: Medications that kill or inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

d. Targeted Therapy: Drugs targeting specific molecules involved in cancer growth.

Cervical cancer is a preventable and treatable condition with early detection and appropriate medical intervention. Women should prioritize regular screenings, adopt healthy lifestyle choices, and consider HPV vaccination to reduce their risk. By raising awareness and promoting preventive measures, we can work towards minimizing the impact of cervical cancer on women’s health worldwide.

For more details Consult a Cancer specialist.